FB   
 
Powered bysps
        Society for Policy Studies
 
 

 
'Nehru's foreign policy needs to be revisited'
Updated:Jun 16, 2012
 
Print
Share
  
increase Font size decrease Font size
 

By Madhushree Chatterjee

In these turbulent times, Jawaharlal Nehru's policies of non-alignment and mixed economy need to be revisited, says P.C. Jain, author of a book on India's foreign policy during the first prime minister's tenure.

"So many countries in Asia adopted the policy of non-alignment propounded by Nehru. They accepted him as an Afro-Asian leader and they backed the movement in the first meet of the non-aligned nations in 1961," said Jain, the author of "Economic Determinants of India's Foreign Policy (The Nehru Years 1947-1964)", published by Vitasta.

The non-aligned movement did not believe in aligning with or against any major power blocs.

"The policy of non-alignment cannot be revived because the economic policy of India has changed fundamentally. We have moved out of the mixed economy and social justice system to embrace capitalism. But there is a need to look at the policy because it had brought about a consensus in polity," said Jain, a foreign affairs expert and former head of the political science department at Bundelkhand University.

Jain said the current foreign policy was tilted towards the West.

"For instance, to my mind, India's nuclear pact with the United States was a complete surrender to the West. Now that the USSR has gone, we can still be friends with China," he said.

He said it was wrong to blame Nehru for the 1962 Sino-Indian conflict because Nehru was always suspicious of China.

On Nehru's personality in the context of his foreign policy, Jain said he had "a complex personality".

Nehru was "friendly with western countries, particularly Britain, and he was educated there," Jain said.

"He was not very consistent in his socialist ideology because he was under the influence of western countries," he said.

Jain has divided the book into three phases. In the first phase, from 1947 to 1953, foreign policy was non-aligned politically but the country was aligned to the West. In the second phase, from 1953 to 1960, the foreign policy became economically non-aligned. The third phase covers the years before Nehru's death in 1964.

Nehru's tenure was marked by a near-total absence of political debate, which was unthinkable in today's turbulent times, Jain said.

(Madhushree Chatterjee can be contacted at madhu.c@ians.in)

 
 
 
 
Print
Share
  
increase Font size decrease Font size
 

Disclaimer: South Asia Monitor does not accept responsibility for the views or ideology expressed in any article, signed or unsigned, which appears on its site. What it does accept is responsibility for giving it a chance to appear and enter the public discourse.
Comments (Total Comments 0) Post Comments Post Comment
Review
 
 
 
 
spotlight image Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo has confirmed his presence for the occasion. In an exclusive interview with INDIA REVIEW & ANALYSIS, Indonesia’s Ambassador to India, Sidharto R.Suryodipuro, reminded Nilova Roy Chaudhury that the first Chief Guest for India’s Republic Day celebrations, in 1950, w
 
read-more
The words of Ho Chi Minh  “Nothing is more precious than independence and liberty” rang true for the people of the erstwhile East Pakistan when, with increasing brutality, the West Pakistani oppression spread across the land, writes Anwar A Khan from Dhaka
 
read-more
In a significant boost to New Delhi's Act East Policy, India and Japan set up the Act East Forum on Tuesday as agreed during Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's visit to India this year for the annual bilateral meeting that would help to focus and catalyse development in India's Northeast.
 
read-more
  United States Secretary of State Rex Tillerson reiterated on Friday Washington's warning that “all options are on the table” to meet North Korea's nuclear threat while offering to keep the lines of communication with Pyongyang open.
 
read-more
The 15th trilateral meeting of the foreign ministers of Russia, India and China concluded in New Delhi on Monday with many nuanced takeaways embedded in the joint statement of 46 paragraphs. Reiterating that the forum “is not directed against any other country”, the statement underlined the importance of the establishment o
 
read-more
The first thing that one sees when a flight approaches New Delhi is thick smog that envelopes the city and its lack of greenery.  In almost all other major cities of India lack of greenery is the most obvious sight that one sees when approaching it by air.
 
read-more

Pakistan has agreed to allow the rupee to depreciate after holding talks with the International Mone­tary Fund (IMF) on the country's economy.

 
read-more

Two major global changes in the past year; the ‘Brexit’ referendum and the advent of Donald Trump, writes Sandeep Kaur Bhatia

 
read-more

It is also imperative for India to explore other regions for markets. Its trade deficit with Latin America has been narrowing. Also, its trade with Mexico, Colombia and Guatemala has increased, ...

 
read-more
Column-image

Over the last 25 years, India's explosive economic growth has vaulted it into the ranks of the world's emerging major powers. Long plagued by endemic poverty, until the 1990s the Indian economy was also hamstrung by a burdensome regulat...

 
Column-image

Title: A Ticket to Syria; Author: Shirish Thorat; Publisher: Bloomsbury India: Pages: 254; Price: Rs 399

 
Column-image

Gorichen, a majestic peak in the Eastern Himalayas at an altitude of 22,500 feet, is the highest in Arunachal Pradesh. Beautiful to look at and providing a fantastic view from the top, it is extremely tough climb for mountaineers.

 
Column-image

It is often conjectured if the reason for long-standing conflicts and insurgencies, in the developing world, especially South Asia, is not only other powers fishing in troubled waters but also the keenness of arms industries, mostly Western, to...

 
Column-image

Title: The People Next Door -The Curious History of India-Pakistan Relations; Author: T.C.A. Raghavan; Publisher: HarperCollins ; Pages: 361; Price: Rs 699