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Afghanistan

After the Pakistani government announced on November 15th as final deadline for repatriation of registered and unregistered Afghan refugees, there has been manifold increase in the number of returnees. As many as 4,086 Afghans returned home from Pakistan via Torkham in the past two days.

 

Afghanistan has a high number of the victims by the landmines, roadside bombs and other unexploded explosive devices.

 

To survive the last catastrophe, when their town was sacked and burned by the Taliban, the potters of the northern Afghan town of Istalif buried the tools of their trade and fled, some enduring years of exile until the threat finally passed.

 

Afghanistan's two-year-old National Unity Government is experiencing its most difficult political moment after Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah expressed dismay and frustration last week over the way that President Ashraf Ghani is dealing with issues pertaining to partnership, leadership and policy priorities.

 

The United States was quick in responding to the September 11 attacks by announcing to eliminate al-Qaeda and its supporters. A series of four coordinated terror attacks on the US soil had shocked Americans and the world that was relatively peaceful before the 9/11 attacks.

 

Our security policymakers who are mostly politicians with no experience of modern military tactics, are caught in difficult situation but yet they are unnerved. They are unnerved because media has no access to insecure parts of the country and cannot report on the ongoing wave of violence independently. Even if a few reports emerged, the authorities are quick in quashing these news stories with furious statements. 

 
If war is the continuation of politics by other means, then the four-decade-old Afghan war has become one of the world's most entrenched political puzzles, involving many actors and dimensions. The growing political crisis within the Afghan National Unity Government is compounding the ongoing security and economic crises in the country.
 

The US-NATO  military alliance is a vastly expensive farce which has achieved nothing but calamity in every foray it has undertaken. Its aerial blitz on Libya reduced the country to chaos, and its operations in Afghanistan have proved no less disastrous.

 
Bomb-blasted roads, frequent blackouts, shortages of basic equipment and an untested consumer market are hardly conditions that make for natural entrepreneurial opportunities. But three Army veterans and one civilian who all served in Afghanistan have taken on those challenges in their new venture. Their company, Rumi Spice, buys saffron from Afghan farmers and sells it to international customers.
 

Despite millions of US dollars in aid, both the government and foreign forces failed to fight drugs. There are scores of groups involved in smuggling and selling of narcotics. Increase in sale of drugs is evident from the drop in prices of opium. The narco-trade is at peak. 

 


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