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Illiteracy rate is too high in Afghanistan. The country direly needs well-educated people in different sectors to become self-sufficient as currently people of different nationalities are working here to fill the vacuum in the job market.


Afghanistan lags behind neighboring countries in many fields. Many study reports and surveys revealed government skill deficiency. The idea of the government failure is associated with unproductive policies and lack of basic infrastructure to steer the country in the right direction. 

When Aziz Amir was a young man, his mother died from an infection which should have been easy to treat. “She didn’t go to a hospital because she didn’t want to show herself to a male doctor,” says Mr Amir, a trained cardiologist who now owns a private hospital in Kabul.  
When Karzai left office in 2014, he was widely derided as the “mayor of Kabul,” and he had exhausted the patience of key U.S. officials with his continual, public criticism of Americans, whom he described as “demons” when he met with ordinary Afghans. Karzai also presided over one of the most corrupt countries in the world, and members of his family had vastly enriched themselves during his tenure.  

Since the attacks of September 11, the United States has engaged in and with Afghanistan in pursuit of common strategic interests. Our cooperation with the Afghan government and Afghan people remains a key front in a generational conflict against violent extremists across the greater Middle East. Although the extensive turmoil there leads some to believe that the United States is incapable of playing a constructive role in stabilizing and transforming the region’s politics and security situation, we cannot escape this conflict. To succeed, we need, above all, allies in the region with whom we can partner militarily and politically. Our strategies and policies going forward should include ensuring the success of this American-Afghan partnership.


Fifteen years ago, the tragedy of September 11, 2001 directly resulted from complete state failure in Afghanistan. This followed the international community’s negligence toward Afghanistan’s post-Cold War stabilization and reconstruction after the withdrawal of the Soviet forces from the country in 1989. For a decade (1979-1989), in order to defeat communism, the United States and its allies effectively capitalized on Afghans’ firm determination to free their country from the occupation of the former Soviet Union. When this strategic goal was achieved, Afghanistan was pushed back into America’s foreign policy blind spot.


For a decade Afghanistan was largely ignored. Then, 15 years ago today, the pendulum of global interest swung to the opposite extreme. Within a month of the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the US, closely backed by the UK, launched military operations, vowing to defeat the Taliban and bring democracy to the country. We heard over and over that this was a just war, and it was a moral imperative to intervene and defeat the evil of the Taliban. Failure, they said, was not an option.


Healthy criticism is beauty of democracy. Therefore, the government has listened to the criticism and responded positively at some occasions by bringing changes in policies. The foreign policy of the unity government is very successful. The internal policy will also prove productive if the leaders reached consensus on all major issues and removed the internal differences. The leaders in the halls of power are realizing it; though late. But it is better to be late than never. Their agreement on the policies and ways to secure the national interests and improve lives of the common people is crucial especially at this critical juncture.


This Sunday marks the 15th anniversary of the longest war in American history that continues to rage ferociously in Afghanistan, casting a shadow over that country’s future and highlighting the failure of U.S. President Barack Obama’s strategy to gradually wind down the conflict. Yet the war now attracts little international attention, except when a major militant attack occurs.


The civil war in Afghanistan is raging again. After almost 40 years of near-consecutive conflict -- from the Soviet invasion to the US-led war against the Taliban for its sheltering of Osama bin Laden and al Qaeda post-9/11 -- Afghanistan is once again on the international emergency watch list.


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The India-Pakistan diplomatic war-dance and military brinkmanship continues unabated. India on Thursday (October 21) asked a Pakistan High Commission staffer in New Delhi to leave the country for allegedly running an espionage ring that was busted with the arrest of two Indians possessing sensitive defence documents.


The first India-Palestine Joint Committee Meeting (JCM) signifies New Delhi’s commitment towards economic development and well being of Palestine writes Muddassir Quamar for South Asia Monitor

In the past few weeks, the Indus Water Treaty has come under renewed focus by the Indian Government and the media.  The Indian Government decided to suspend  the Indus water commission and increase the utilization of rivers flowing through J&K to maximize India’s share, but no decision has been taken to review ...

Senior ISIS leaders have been forced to accept that they will lose their caliphate in Syria and Iraq and see terrorist attacks in the West as the way forward for jihad, according to foreign fighters who are abandoning the Islamist group as it faces an onslaught in Mosul and an impending attack on Raqqa.

Since my last visit five years ago I have keenly observed India’s political, economic and social transformation, and welcomed the increasingly active role India is playing internationally. I have also witnessed the growing personal ties between New Zealand and India, supported by our diaspora communities and our education, tou...


Address by M.J. Akbar, Minister of State for External Affairs on Regional Integration and Prosperity at Brussels Conference on Afghanistan (October 5, 2016). Read more inside...

Military aid or assistance, is an important tool, that states have always plied to manoeuvre and counter-manoeuvre other sovereign entities and countless disparate factions in the pursuit of international relations. It includes arms transfers, logistical support and even supply of troops.   

Anthony ensured that the equipping of our military came down to 1962 levels, but Parrikar, together with the present government, appears to be hell bent upon denigrating the soldiers and denying them their dues. Taking cover behind ‘mischievous bureaucrats’ can’t work anymore; responsibilities will have to be taken...


The Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad and others of their ilk not only destabilise Pakistan and make it one of the world's most dangerous places but also threaten neighbouring Afghanistan and India -- and even far...


The book, written in the manner of a series of case studies, also points to the lack of a clearly enunciated national security strategy, a defence situational review, a defence strategy and a joint strategy for the armed forces -- all of this h...


The book ‘Pakistan at crossroads: Domestic Dynamics and External Pressures’  is one of the few books in recent years which fixes spotlight on various aspects of Pakistan; the internal flummoxing situation and external forces wh...


In a region which is unexplored as an asset class, performance will be the kingmaker. This book includes the author’s CDCF Portfolio basket for the SAARC asset class, which selects the best fundamental-p...


Sri Lanka has to be the most beautiful country I have ever seen, says John Gimlette, an accomplished travel writer who journeys to the island nation at the end of a long and brutal civil war. Anyone who has se...

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