The Naga accord has far-reaching implications for peace, political stability, security and development of the northeast, more so for Nagaland and Manipur where law and order situation is most critical for the region, writes Rupak Bhattacharjee for South Asia Monitor.
Every effort at resolving the Naga imbroglio has been embroiled in a challenging quagmire of unending and conflicting demands.
The “historic Peace Accord”, signed between the National Socialist Council of Nagaland - led by Isaac Swu and Thuingaleng Muivah - popularly known as the NSCN(IM) and the Government of India in New Delhi on August 3, after 80 rounds of peace negotiations, expanding over 16 years, is expected to herald a new era of peace in the North Eastern region.
Has the Naga insurgency, India’s oldest, really ended? It is too soon to say.
Kiren Rijiju said the Centre-NSCN(IM) pact was "a framework" for working out a permanent solution to Naga problem, with its exact terms to be finalized over the next three months.
What the present accord does is to present the hope of some finality to the process of restoring normalcy in all of the north-east region
The accord which was signed on Monday between the Government of India and the NSCN(I-M), a leading Naga group, is not the first one India has signed with the Nagas to end what is definitely the country’s first ethnic insurrection.
All major interest groups will have to be in on the peace deal. Or the flimsy deal will quickly die
A ‘framework agreement’ and a ‘peace accord’ are perhaps not the same thing — the former at best can be taken as a prelude or basis for a final accord or settlement. Therefore, it would appear that there is still some work left for the two negotiating parties — the GoI and the NSCN — before they are able to give a closure to the peace talks.
It is a 97-year-old struggle. To initiate even the beginnings of closure is a major breakthrough. And to have achieved that by recognising the Naga people’s pride, culture and history crowns the accord with renewed hope
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