FB   
 
Powered bysps
        Society for Policy Studies
 
 

 
Bangladesh and its elusive inclusive education
Posted:Mar 20, 2017
 
Print
Share
  
increase Font size decrease Font size
 
By Minhazur Rahman Rezvi                                     
 
Education never measures humans according to social class systems but by lack of opportunities. A large number of people in Bangladesh have been deprived of the light of knowledge due to lack of opportunities and economic support – and among them a majority are disabled and poor. The rate of dropouts from a certain kind of background is higher in developing countries than in developed countries. Significantly, the rate of dropouts is at extreme levels in the Indian subcontinent.
 
Bangladesh, also part of the Indian subcontinent, is a densely populated country and a good proportion of its citizens are deprived of education. The population of Bangladesh is around 16 crore, but only 70 per cent of its people are educated. Among them, the most excluded people are girls, disabled and the poor. Poverty, religious and social restrictions and unfriendly environment are the main reasons for the pervading illiteracy. 
 
Educated people are an asset for any country. Education shows the light of development for driving forward. When a vast number of people are illiterate, the country remains in darkness. In Bangladesh, only affluent people are able to get educational opportunities.
 
In Bangladesh, girls are deprived of education or higher education because of religious restrictions and social opposition or blind superstition. People believe that girls do not need education and are solely for performing household activities.  
 
The number of female students in public university is 181,450 out of a total 493,110 scholars -- only 31.80 per cent. The government has to increase awareness among people about education for women and also provide financial aid for girls’ educations. 
 
According to Napoleon: "Give me an educated mother, I will give you an educated nation." 
 
We, as society, also need to show concern about female rights, especially about education which is the basis for all kinds of rights. Without female education, the nation cannot prosper and rise from underdevelopment because the ratio of females is half of the total population.    
                                                                                                                                                                                            
Poverty, child marriage, high-priced note-guide books, compulsory coaching and weak teaching system are responsible for the failure to bring down the dropout rates. As per information collected from 38,757 educational institutions across the country last year, a whopping 40.29 per cent of secondary students (of which 45.92 per cent were girls) dropped out last year -- of these, 19.11 per cent left school when they were in Class VIII. (Bangladesh Education Statistics-2015). 
 
Though the government distributes free textbooks at a cost to it of millions of dollars, and also runs school feeding programmes, the dropout rate is causing concern. Besides, indigenous people and disabled children are deprived from educational facilities. 
 
“Protection of the Rights of the Persons with Disabilities Act, 2013” was passed with a view to ensuring the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities. But the disabled are not getting their rights -- and though their applications are not rejected by educational institutions, they do not get materials like Braille books or recording facilities.   
 
Inclusive education discusses education for all. Inclusive education looks to addressing the learning requirements of all children, young citizens and adults, with an explicit focus on those who are susceptible to marginalisation and exclusion. Inclusive and quality education is that where equal opportunities exist for people whether one is disabled or poor. 
 
Education is not only for those people who are capable or rich -- education is for all. This term provides for disabled children, street and working children, children from isolated or nomadic populations, children from linguistic, ethnic or cultural minorities and children from other marginalised groups. 
 
In the case of inclusive education, Bangladesh developed its situation gradually. Quality and inclusive education is compulsory for the bright future of any nation but in the case of Bangladesh the educational system is polluted by politics, bad administration and corruption. Also, the educational system is being diverted towards GPA- or CGPA-based education which is not the real purpose of education. As a result, the quality of education is now questionable.  
 
The government should, therefore, take proper steps for ensuring quality and change the existing track of education to the real track of education. Quality and inclusive education will be effective for the future generations. To build a better future for all, the government will have to think about how to ensure inclusive education for all in the country.
 
 
(The author is studying for Bachelor in Social Sciences (BSS) degree in Development Studies at Dhaka University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Comments and suggestions on this article can be sent to editor@spsindia.in)
 
 
 
 
Print
Share
  
increase Font size decrease Font size
 

Disclaimer: South Asia Monitor does not accept responsibility for the views or ideology expressed in any article, signed or unsigned, which appears on its site. What it does accept is responsibility for giving it a chance to appear and enter the public discourse.
Comments (Total Comments 0) Post Comments Post Comment
Review
 
 
 
 
spotlight image Vitaly A. Prima, Ambassador of Belarus to India for close to five years, is very enthusiastic about the future of bilateral relations as the two countries mark 25 years of diplomatic relations. Resident in New Delhi, Prima is also his country’s Ambassador to Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal.
 
read-more
India’s top diplomats held a four-day brainstorming session in New Delhi this month to strategise and decide how India should engage with major global powers and countries in the immediate neighbourhood, writes Nilova Roy Chaudhury
 
read-more
Video Gallery

 
see-more
Is it the Modi magic or Modi cult propelling the BJP to new heights with the opposition pulverised and decimated by the split vote banks of these parties in large parts of India? The BJP has gained five states in the assembly elections but lost Delhi and Bihar, writes Lalit Sethi
 
read-more
The army’s commendation of Major Nitin Leetul Gogoi, the officer who tied Farooq Ahmed Dar, a Kashmiri artisan, to an army jeep’s bonnet and paraded him, apparently using him as a human shield for his troops against stone-pelters, is a troubling move.
 
read-more
Ignorance may not always be bliss. India has decided to ignore China's One Belt One Road initiative, which was launched recently in Beijing in the presence of the president of Delhi's 'all-weather friend' - Russia - as well as representatives from the United States of America, Europe and even Japan, a nation known for i
 
read-more
What a week it has been for the Middle East! People of Iran came out in droves to re-elect Rouhani as president for another term.
 
read-more
It’s going to be a tough couple of weeks for Britain’s Theresa May. With general elections scheduled for the beginning of next month — it seems that ISIS has left its comment on the British parliamentary system that insists on returning to power those who maintain a militarised foreign policy.
 
read-more
Column-image

Jim Corbett was a British-Indian hunter and tracker-turned-conservationist, author and naturalist; who started off as an officer in the British army and attained the rank of a colonel. Frequently called in to kill man-eating tigers or leopards,...

 
Column-image

Title: Bollywood Boom; Author: Roopa Swaminathan; Publisher: Penguin; Price: Rs 399; Pages: 221

 
Column-image

Title: Defeat is an Orphan: How Pakistan Lost the Great South Asian War; Author: Myra Macdonald; Publisher: Penguin Random House India; Pages: 328; Price: Rs 599

 
Column-image

  The story of Afghanistan -- of the war against the Soviets and of terrorism that has gripped the landlocked country ever since -- is in many ways also the story of diplomat Masood Khalili, who motivated his people and led them...

 
Column-image

Title: The Golden Legend; Author: Nadeem Aslam; Publisher: Penguin Random House; Pages: 376; Price: Rs 599

 
Subscribe to our newsletter
Archive