The situation started to change after the 2008 Mumbai attacks. Indian security agencies recognized the vulnerability of its coastline and significance of developing ties with Gulf countries for preventing future incursions. Saudi Arabia, facing internal security challenges from Islamist terrorist cells, came across as a willing partner, writes Md. Muddassir Quamar for South Asia Monitor
A combination of absent political vision and direction, combined with insipid project-management, has thwarted most of our aeronautical programmes, writes Admiral Arun Prakash (Retd) for South Asia Monitor.
Despite an agreed ceasefire agreement, with SoPs, engagement at the political and diplomatic levels through dialogue is necessary to avoid any further escalation of violence along the border, writes Ravi Nitesh for South Asia Monitor
Just as the Church in the early 1970s worked to negotiate for peace after two decades of bloody China-backed insurgency in Nagaland and adjoining areas, so the Ulema and Muslim clergy in J&K must push for peace efforts, writes Brig Anil Gupta for South Asia Monitor
Current economic policies adopted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi are having a positive impact not only on India but also on its neighbour Sri Lanka, write Srimal Fernando and Megha Gupta for South Asia Monitor.
For creating an ecologically-friendly environment in Pakistan
Unchecked urbanisation, overpopulation, tap water mixed with sewage water, raw industrial domestic effluents going straight into River Ravi without any cleansing process. Depleting ground water without adequate recharge of ground aquifers.