Corruption in Bangladesh is perceived to have improved over the past year, according to a new study released by Transparency International, a Berlin-based anticorruption group.On Transparency International's latest corruption perception index, Bangladesh scored 2.7 on a scale from 0-10, where anything below five is bad news. Ten points means a country has a low corruption level, while zero equates to a high level of corruption.
Last year, Bangladesh scored 3.3 and was the most corrupt country from 2001 to 2005.Bangladesh ranked 13th this year, against last year's 12th, Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB) executive director Ifftekharuzzaman said at a press conference at the National Press Club on Thursday.
The TIB executive director expressed his concern regarding the current state of corruption in Bangladesh."We must score 5 in the TI corruption index," he said.CPI is a composite index, a combination of polls, drawing on corruption-related data from experts and business surveys carried out by a variety of reputable independent institutions to assess the overall extent of graft in 182 nations.
New Zealand achieved 9.5 points and ranked first as the least corrupt globally, followed by Denmark and Finland at 9.4 points, while Somalia and North Korea jointly rated the most corrupt in the world with a 1.0 point score.Other countries on top of the list with 2 or less points are Afghanistan, Myanmar, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iraq, Haiti, Burundi, Equatorial Guinea, Venezuela, Libya, PR Congo (North), Chad and Angola.
Countries scoring high on the CPI index between 9.4 and 8.4, and therefore among the least corrupt nations, are Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Singapore, Norway, Nederland, Australia, Switzerland, Canada, Luxembourg and Hong Kong.
Assurance of the politicians to prevent corruption, the passage of right to information act, formation of information commission and human rights commission have played key role in Bangladesh's advancement in the CPI index, said Ifftekharuzzaman.
Amendment of the Anticorruption Commission law, parliament boycott, opportunity to legalise untaxed money, restrictions on BTRC authority, political influence on appointment procedures were considered for the rating, he added.
He suggested making parliament and parliamentary standing committees effective, letting the Anticorruption Commission and Election Commission to work independently, improving law and order and ensuring punishment of the corrupt by law if Bangladesh is to be ranked higher.
CPI's index of 2011 is based on 17 surveys by 13 internationally renowned organisations. A total of nine surveys have been used in rating Bangladesh, added the TIB official.The Berlin-based organisation said the statistics are not accurate, but give an idea about the extent of corruption.