India and EU: The devil lies in the (trade) deal

 Although Mukherjee prefaces with the comment that the book is about "Europe meeting India", it is actually an expansive and insightful tour d'horizon of India's long engagement with Europe, such that has not attempted to date, at least from the Indian perspective. 
Oct 13, 2018
About a decade ago the European Commission, troubled perhaps by the not so positive perception it has in India, decided to set up what it called a "Indo-EU news agency" to produce and disseminate real-time, accurate and informative news from the EU to India and perhaps vice versa. After a lot of endless discussions within the notorious EU bureaucracy, they chose an Indian journalistic trade union body with little experience of dealing in international news, over the claims of some professional news agencies, for its partnership. The enterprise, predictably, didnt last too long and the perceptions remained, according to Bhaswati Mukherjee, a "continuing challenge" with general "lack of visibility in the Indian media regarding the EU" and a general "negative tone" which some experts have said bordered on "disapproval and general indifference".
Mukherjee, who retired as Indian ambassador to the Netherlands and also served in Paris as ambassador UNESCO, has spent the best part of her career on trying to bring content and meaning to India-EU ties, which she thinks works much below its potential (she calls it "a faltering strategic partnership") in her seminal offering. Although Mukherjee prefaces with the comment that the book is about "Europe meeting India", it is actually an expansive and insightful tour d'horizon of India's long engagement with Europe, such that has not attempted to date, at least from the Indian perspective. She gives the history, the different dimensions of the relationship, Europe's intra-state dynamics, the trade block, the perception factor and, finallly, the way to go. As Hardeep Puri, former Indian diplomat and now minister in the Modi government, said it was a must-read for anyone dealing with India-EU dynamics. Speaking at the book launch, Puri  said tongue in cheek that EU's perception about India - and the way it dealt with it - would perhaps change if India becomes a $5 trillion economy. Despite common values of democracy, language, liberal institutions etc, EU never resisted the urge to be "prescriptive" towards India, especially on human rights issues, particularly regarding Kashmir and India's penal system.  One of the other strategic areas of differences, as Mukherjee points out, is the way the two sides viewed their partnership. India was slow to respond to EU overtures of a strategic partnership, mainly because India was reluctant "to become a pole in a new multipolar world". But slowly Indian thinking has evolved, especially under a nationalist administration, and "PM Modi has taken important measures to reinvent, redirect and reinvigorate India's foreign policy imperatives".  The relationship has appeared to have gathered new momentum and will continue to blossom post Brexit, especially with coincidental positions on climate change and global warming and founding of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) by Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron.
Mukherjee says ISA will "consolidate the India-EU strategic partnership". The only irritant remains the proposed free trade agreement or the Broadbased Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) as it is officially known. Despite 16 rounds of negotiations, the deal is stuck because, in India's view, EU - being India's largest investor and trading partner -  is not ready for "give and take" in the negotiation and refuses to relent on access to services, of which UK till now the biggest blocker. Whether Brexit in 2019 will remove this "impediment" - the British prism - finally remains to be seen. There are clearly two ways  of looking at the India-EU partnership, of which no one denies there is huge untapped potential:  while the EU remains optimistic largely, despite being tough negotiators in the board room, the Indian side remains sceptical and even cynical, with one former Indian ambassador to France publicly averring that the ties"had run its course" and it was high time "new ideas" were injected into the discourse to catch the imagination of the youth in both countries and bridge the "perceptional gap" that is obviating what should be a win-win relationship by all accounts.  But, as Mukherjee asks in her profound assessment, can the structural asymmetries and gaps be bridged by visionary leadership on both sides?
(Tarun Basu can be contacted at

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